What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is severe gum disease which not only affects the gum itself but also the supporting bone around a tooth. It can often occur as a result of poor oral hygiene, but can occur for unknown reasons in young people (juvenile periodontitis). Risk factors include diabetes, smoking and other generalized diseases. If left untreated, it can result in the loss of the tooth. Poisons produced by bacteria in plaque, together with the body’s immune response to attack, are the major causes. Unlike tooth decay, it usually occurs on all teeth at the same time.
Signs of periodontitis include:
- Redness and swelling of the gum.
- Bad breath.
- Teeth can become loose and fall out.