What is inflammation?

Inflammation (also known as Stomatitis) is a local reaction against infection that involves the release of antibacterial agents to defend the body. It usually manifests as a change to the tissue colour of the mouth, from pink to red, or in more severe cases, involving swelling and/or bleeding upon probing.



  • Mouth irritation.
  • Redness and swelling.
  • Pain.
  • A feeling of heat in the affected area.

Common causes & prevention

Stomatitis can be caused by a lot of different things, including general health, habits and more. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Biting or cutting the inside of the mouth.
  • Canker sores or ulceration.
  • Chewing tobacco.
  • Friction generated from braces or other dental appliances that may cause sores to develop within the mouth.
  • Cancer.
  • Burning the mouth on hot food.
  • Infections as a result of bacteria, viruses and fungus.
  • Persistent inflammation can be a sign of an underlying issue or the possibility of mouth infection, and should always be examined by a dentist.
  • Due to the different causes of stomatitis, there are many different ways to treat and prevent pain and irritation, including:
    • If the inflammation is caused by dental appliances, try applying dental orthodontic wax (available in pharmacies) to the appliance to soften any hard edges.
    • Mouth ulcers (or canker sores) commonly occur when you are suffering from stress and poor nutrition. They can be prevented by eating healthily and getting adequate rest.
    • Maintaining a good oral hygiene routine is also essential in preventing inflammation.

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